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Congenital Defects That Require Prosthodontics

Posted on 7/15/2016 by Keith M. Cooper
A man suffering from a missing tooth.There are several congenital defects that can affect the formation of teeth, which in turn affects their function and appearance. With the help of a prosthodontist, we can correct those issues and help you look and feel your best.

During fetal development, there are many areas of the body that can suffer from developmental defects and your teeth are no exception. We see patients with a wide variety of congenital disorders including, the absence of some or all of their teeth, tooth structures that did not develop correctly, or clefts of the palate or lip. Statistics show that 1 in 33 babies are born with a defect and congenital defects may cause 1 in 5 infant deaths.

Missing Teeth

Known as anodontia, this condition is a hereditary condition in which one or more permanent teeth do not develop. Missing permanent teeth is perhaps the most common congenital malformation in people.

Some, may be to your benefit, for instance, more than 20% of people lack one or more wisdom teeth, meaning one less tooth to be pulled. Some missing teeth can mean future dental work to be done, more than 5% of people lack one or more second premolars or upper lateral incisors, the best option in this situation may be the placement of a dental implant. Without a plan, your remaining teeth may shift to fill that missing space in such a way that would be unhealthy for your remaining teeth.

Tooth Development Issues

A congenital disorder known as Amelogenesis Imperfecta an inherited disorder that results in defective formation of your tooth enamel. The enamel of a tooth is the hard surface that covers your teeth and protects the dentin and pulp, allowing us to use our teeth in eating. Without the enamel developing correctly, the patient may have an issue with teeth that are weak and break easily.

Cleft Lip or Palate

A cleft lip or palate is a result of incomplete fusion of the the lip or palate during gestation. As the fetus grows the lip and palate should close up, but this may not have happened.

In the past, and in countries without sufficient medical care, this can be dangerous to a baby because it inhibits their ability to suck, which is their natural instinct to receive nourishment.

Surgery is often required to repair this defect. Please contact us if you have any questions about congenital defects affects on your oral health.

San Jose
5150 Graves Ave., Suite 12E
San Jose, CA 95129
(669) 244-1550

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Keith Cooper, DDS | | (669) 244-1550
5150 Graves Ave., Suite 12E ,San Jose, CA 95129